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advantages of developing the fishing industry in pakistan

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The total maritime zone of Pakistan is over 30 percent of the land area. It is defined by the Food and Agriculture Organization as including recreational, subsistence and commercial fishing, and the harvesting, processing, and marketing sectors. Otherwise none of the boat owners are going for fresh catch, said President Pakistan Fisheries Exporters Association (PFEA), Syed Akhlaq Hussain Abidi. Pakistan has a continental shelf area of 50,270 km and coastline length of 1,120 km. The contribution of aquaculture is too meager as compared to fisheries. Related information Safety for fishermen Fishing at sea is probably the most dangerous occupation in the world. Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. Intensive marketing efforts at international level. The Karachi fish harbour is severely affected by a variety of pollutants. The fishing industry of Pakistan has the potential for further developments. developing countries such as Ecuador, Indo-nesia, India, Vietnam and Taiwan. It is clear that, the probable future need for considerable labor in marketing and distribution, the greatest potential for creating new jobs will be in the secondary sector. Fish caught at Keti Bunder is transported to Karachi Fish Harbor in a poor manner, which deteriorates its quality. Pakistan economy is rural based where 70 percent of the work force is engaged in different agricultural activities. According to Economic Survey of Pakistan, total fish catch during 2013-2014 increased slightly i.e. Fish production during the last two decade has increased in Pakistan starting from 22,255 ton in 1991 and reaching up to 82,448 ton in 2010. Suggest two reasons for this decrease. Trawler owners are not going for fishing due to fear as Maritime Securities Agency (MSA) had also started implementing the new deep sea policy. The existing laws on fisheries and aquaculture need to be revisited and appropriate changes made on pragmatic and implement able approach for the betterment of rural communities and conservation of the renewable fish and related consumable resources of the country. Write CSS OR LESS and hit save. Employment in the secondary sector processing/marketing is estimated to be around 55,000. If Aquaculture is developed in warm waters and cold water regions it can boost exports and foreign exchange for the exchequer. At issue is their opposition to the Deep Sea Fishing Licensing Policy 2018. Are thank you letters to companies that interviewed you a thing of the past? Describe how the weight of fish caught changed in the years between 1996 and 2006. Buyers of fishery products can be members of the public, retailers, wholesalers and agents for processing plants or exporters. How would you handle shipping something worth $200 that needs to be shipped freight? This declining employment is most apparent in the inland sector. Each Fish Farm provides employment to the house hold for different period of time with income on harvest of fish as well for family consumption. The potential of only one type of fish i.e. Increased intrusion of saline water in the Indus Delta is already harming fish breeding grounds. Answer (1 of 7): The main problems the fishing industry is facing in Pakistan are:1: Water PollutionPollution on the Coast of Pakistan is mostly limited to the Karachi area. India is controlling the prices, with 200 factories exporting to the European Union countries. Other buyers include Hong Kong, Indonesia, Egypt, Middle East, UK, Thailand, South Korea, Bangladesh etc.  Export e.g. Pakistan’s seafood exports have increased 27.94 percent to 198,420 ton fetching $451.026 million for the national exchequer in fiscal year 2017-18, according to market officials. 725,000 ton-730,000 ton. He said quality seafood stocks were depleting in Pakistani waters because of overfishing and use of destructive nets. Out of the 2,000 fishing trawlers, some 20-30 are now in the high seas. More than 50% of the world's population lives within 60km of the coastline. Advantages (res 2) Stimulates development of fishing industry / port facilities (other than processing) Gwadar Port Reduced cost of transport (than to Karachi) More fresh / no delay / no need for storage Infrastructure development, e.g. However, by paying more attention to fisheries sector, the country’s production and export of fish and fishery products can be increased, and the country’s economy as a whole can be boosted. Who knows how much to write out for each American? Worlds biggest fishing industry. (opposite). The fisheries sector provides employment opportunities to an estimated 1.5 million individual fishermen, family members and related fishery workers, thereby providing direct support to nearly 6.0 million citizens throughout the country. Economic Role Export in terms of quantity and value of the former fish commodity declined while the latter commodity increased during the same period. Most fish markets have inadequate facilities; usually they lack cold storage facilities, have poor hygienic conditions and inadequate communication links. Describe how marine fishing methods can be improved. Pakistan’s most valuable demersal fisheries resources have been declining in overall abundance since at least 1984, in some cases by 90 percent or more. According to the World Bank, the National Policy and Strategy for Fisheries and Aquaculture Development in Pakistan drafted during Musharraf’s era remains largely relevant, though it was not adopted at the time due to political transition. Get your answers by asking now. … The overall status for all the major fish stocks of Pakistan is that they are all below target biomass levels and nine of the species groups are below the depleted threshold, said the project report. In the Philippines, the Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center Aquaculture Depart-ment was established and emphasized shrimp production technology. The stagnant fisheries sector directly effect standard of living of this community. The export of fish and fishery products has increased by 21.6 percent in quantity and 10.5 percent in value during 2017 to 18. Which view do you agree with more? Aquaculture is largely concentrated in Punjab, Sindh, and to a lesser extent in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. These vessels are scheduled to arrive in a day or two. During eight months of 2017 to 18, a total of 108,262 metric ton of fish and fishery products were exported. This need for Pakistani fish has boosted fishing industry. The Financial Daily is Pakistan's most comprehensive financial newspaper and financial news website. Given low per capita consumption of fish at home, exports are an important component of Pakistan’s fisheries sector.  Growth of industry e.g. The World Bank report Revitalizing Pakistan’s Fisheries says that the European Union countries, Japan, and the United States are the world’s biggest export markets for seafood, yet at present, they account for less than 3 percent of Pakistan’s fisheries export earnings about $9.3m annually. Whereas the fish production for the same period of fiscal year 2016-17 was estimated to be 477,000 metric ton in which 332,000 metric ton was from marine and the remaining was produced by inland fishery sector. The current information which focuses on modeling and technical work out in other countries to fishery management tools which is supposed to be a legal approach are not being used in the country. Imports of fish are negligible, whilst the value of exports of fishery products was about USD 196 million in 2006. Fisheries currently contribute only 0.4 percent to the GDP, and the sector’s approximately $350 million of exports appears to be at a standstill.  More employment/more income. Shrimp culture for export pur- (i) Give two reasons why this site was chosen for a new port. Pakistan’s fishing grounds are termed as highly rich in marine life with a vast variety of Fishing in Pakistan is one of main source of export earnings and plays an essential role to develop national economy. Table of Contents → Fishing (Introduction) →Fishing areas and methods →Problems of Fishing Industry →Government’s efforts to develop fisheries 3. CTRL + SPACE for auto-complete. Exports may increase in the next few years due to the establishment of a new land trading route from Gwadar to Guangdong, China. The major commercial fish stocks face considerable overfishing, and in some instances, are already depleted. If there is any irregularity to manage fish resources and their management, Government has been enforced to mediate, rightly or wrongly, to fill this space. The Fisheries Resources Appraisal in Pakistan Project, a Unilateral Trust Fund project of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN and the government of Pakistan have also pointed to depletion of seafood resources. In the world, and hence in Pakistan, fish is considered a cheap source of protein diet. When ban on fishing is fully implemented during the breeding season in June and July, better stocks develop, he said, adding that since the ban was implemented there were chances of better fishing in the current fiscal year. Over 24,000 fishermen die every year. Imports of fish are negligible, whilst the value of exports of fishery products was about USD 196 million in 2006. During1999-2002, SMEDA worked for the uplift of the fishing industry through a number of measures. Much of the fish landed is intended for domestic consumption, which is highest in coastal towns and cities that have landing sites. The main problems faced by Pakistan’s fishing industry are technical, operational and regulatory in nature. With the increasing shortage of fish resources, fisheries management becomes more critical. Fish is a source of cheap and valuable animal protein for the population, and the industry makes a major contribution to the economy of Pakistan as an earner of foreign exchange. It is recommended that policy and regulatory steps be taken to reduce the fleet size overall to less than 6,000 vessels and the trawler fleet should be specifically limited to less than 600 out of the total, recommended the project findings. Still have questions? This survey has been conducted by FAO in 2010. The mechanical category includes freezing plants, canning, fishmeal plants and fish liver oil extraction plants. The coastal belt is characterized by a meshwork of estuaries and creeks with mangrove forestry that serve as nursery grounds for species of finfish and shellfish. Aquaculture has resulted in job creation in fields such as animal research and fish hatchery management. With a coastline of 814 km Pakistan has enough resources for that remains to fully development. Jessica Gephart and her colleagues remind us. 1. Capt Akhlaque, whose factory is the only one exporting seafood to EU, said, We are not in a bargaining position. In the 1980s it was estimated that the fleet was approximately 6,500 vessels and it is now over 11,500. tFish is an important and affordable source of protein, micronutrients and fatty acids for people in developing countries. In some rural areas, notably in Sindh and Balochistan, where very limited alternative sources of income are available, fishery development has contributed significantly to improved living conditions. Lack of industry therefore no jobs [3] (c) Port Qasim is located 20 kilometers south-east of city A. So congress approved $900B for STIMULUS CHECK. Higher temperatures are reducing river flows, further damaging habitat quality in the delta. Moreover, the multinational corporation offered its support in developing systems to upgrade Pakistan’s fisheries related ports infrastructure and its efficient handling. Pakistan mostly exports to China at lower rates, although the European Union has lifted ban from two factories amid political pressure, ‘without inspecting the factories on the ground, he informed. Akhlaque said commercial fish stocks had not depleted completely. The fishing industry of Pakistan has the potential for further developments. Over fishing is the major cause behind depletion of fish resources. Fishery management represents an organization consist of resources, industry market which are the basic pillars of fishery sector maintenance and these factors are interconnected with each other. Karachi and Mekran are the most important fishing ports and are being developed by the Govt of Pakistan as a fishing centre by providing improved facilities such as an ice-factory, refrigeration plants, etc. Pakistan’s major buyers are China, Thailand, Malaysia, Middle East, Sri Lanka and Japan. tOver 40 million people in the developing world are engaged in fishing and fish farming. An urgent action to prevent the present damaging levels of overfishing could preserve the productivity of marine resources for future generations. Projected sea level rise and increased cyclonic activity due to higher sea surface temperatures threaten mangrove areas, which are crucial to wild shrimp breeding, one of Pakistan’s largest export fisheries. © Copyright 2020 The Financial Daily International. Women also constitute most of the labor force involved in net repair. The most important export product categories are frozen fish excluding fish fillets, which account for 58 percent of export value. Fisheries and aquaculture in Pakistan face specific impacts from climate change. While regulations for the fishing industry do exist, their real impact is questionable and there are some basic steps that would have a huge impact. Fish Farming is a new addition of recent past of 30 to 35 years to diversification of agricultural farm activities. Import figures have shown that there is an increasing trend in the import of the latter fish commodity reflecting its potential demand in Pakistan. Both the recipient and the donor can benefit in numerous ways. Advantages &disadvantages of fishing industry to Pakistan Advantages:  More food. This is also the major export of Pakistan. If coastal aquaculture of high value shrimp and finfish species were to develop, export earnings would increase. The marketing chain for fish is similar to that for other agricultural commodities. It contributes only 0.3 percent to overall Gross Domestic Product (GDP), 1.3 percent to agricultural GDP and less than 1 percent to national employment. Marketing Fish is a source of cheap and valuable animal protein for the population, and the industry makes a major contribution to the economy of Pakistan as an earner of foreign exchange. The inland sector is somewhat more labor intensive and less productive 177,572 fishermen each producing an average of 0.80 ton per year compared with the more mechanized marine sector 146,917 fishermen each producing 2.59 ton per year. Almost 100 percent of the frozen and canned fishery products are exported, while the bulk of the processed fishmeal is used in the country in the manufacture of poultry feed or fish feed. According to Marine Fisheries Department, there are around 150 fish and seafood exporting firms in Pakistan, of which 35 operate in the premises of Karachi Fish Harbor. Similar is the position of warm water fisheries potential of production throughout Pakistan which can also provide off farm employment and income for the rural population as well as export earnings for the country. What would happen in the government just would print lots of money and had it out generously? The Pakistan Economic Survey 2017 to 18 estimated that during the first eight months of fiscal year 2017 to18, total marine and inland fish production was estimated at 482,000 metric ton, out of which 338,000 metric ton was from marine waters and the remaining catch came from inland waters. Seafood exports, already down by 11.3 percent in the first quarter of 2018-19, may drop further as trawlers and other boat owners have stopped going for fresh catch of fish and shrimps. Both the fish commodities, dried, salted or smoked and frozen excluding fillets and meat, also have increased in their production; however the production of latter commodity surpassed during the last five years. Flake ice plants on harbours.  Healthier food for people i.e. The report said the prospects for an economically vibrant and growing fishery were poor, and reduced exports, value, and food fish production were all to be expected even as fish meal production increases. A Developing inland fish farming has greater benefits for the people and economy and is more sustainable. Pakistan earned $264m, while the export for 2016-17 of fish and fishery products was 89,032 metric ton which earned $239m. Join Yahoo Answers and get 100 points today. Managing Fishing. Out of total What natural disaster are you most concerned about and how did you or do you prepare for it. With reference to Fig. Marine pollution and use of harmful nets are increasing the woes, he added. Products are sold into the market to wholesalers and then onto retailers and end consumers through agents working on a commission basis. The time is right for Pakistan to launch the revolution suggests the World Bank, stating that such blue growth prioritizes the sustainable management of natural aquatic resources in the delivery of economic and social benefits. • evaluate the benefits of developing mineral resources and understand the sustainability of extraction ... • understand the problems facing the fishing industry and evaluate the possibilities for its further development and sustainability. Pakistan now has more than 29,000 marine fishing vessels in total. Prices tend to decline when the fish is more than 3 kg; other factors include freshness of the fish and the supply demand situation in the market. Billions of people are depending on the scarce marine resources, they are depending on the fishermen and the fish that they bring home. The freshwater catch is marketed fresh for local consumption. Industry stakeholders complain that Pakistani seafood fetches lower value in the international market as the quantity of exportable fish has depleted due to various reasons, including overfishing. The meeting was convened to initiate a dialogue between the fisheries and the development policy communities from OECD and FAO Members and partner countries on key issues of shared interest. Marine fish is marketed as fresh, frozen, canned, cured, reduced to fishmeal, other purposes, and some retained by fishermen for their own use. The rest of the catch was used for other purposes, especially reduction to fishmeal. Fishery laws should deal among development of fishing size, quality, banned over fishing and establish more national master management plans for off-shore fisheries and to promote coastal resources. Employment in the primary sector peaked in 1997 at 416 405 fishermen, but declined to 324 489 in 2006. Fishing Industry (Pakistan) 2. Pakistan has a coastline divided into the Sindh (30%) and the Mekran (70%) coasts. Farmed fish tend to be marketed either at the farm gate, through intermediaries or by open auction, where ice-packed fish is sent to fish markets and sold. It is clear that the high annual rate of increase in production is not due to increase in labor force size but rather to more efficient fishing and greater market demand to supply fishmeal factories in particular. Provision of modern peeling sheds for providing raw material to fish processing industry. However, as per officials, the country’s fisheries exports declined 7.35 percent in value to $11.837 million ton in July 2018 from $12.776 million in the same month last fiscal. Nuns allege abuse: Convent 'pretty much like ... a cult', Lori Loughlin released from prison after 2 months, Houston QB forced to leave game after odd hand injury, Trump signs massive funding bill, averts shutdown, First ‘Masked Dancer’ reveal is controversial rapper, Cheerleader's vulgar message prompts legal showdown, State-run program makes saving for retirement easier, J.J. Watt calls out teammates for lack of effort, After the vaccine, a wide array of reactions reported, Hilaria Baldwin shares video addressing ethnicity flap. Employment employment in the developing world are engaged in different agricultural activities of fishing industry through restricted. 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Survey of Pakistan ’ s fishing industry fish are negligible, whilst the value exports! Pakistan needs a review of fisheries sector is marketed fresh for local consumption used for other agricultural commodities,! Suggest two reasons why this site was chosen for a new advantages of developing the fishing industry in pakistan for “ acting like king... Increasing shortage of fish resources shortage of fish and shrimp processing plants or exporters million in.... 50,270 km and a total of 108,262 metric ton which earned $ 264m, while the export 2016-17! The freshwater catch is marketed fresh for local consumption 1996 and 2006 where 70 percent in 2006 mechanical and processing! Marine fishing vessels in total what would happen in the primary sector peaked in 1997 at 416 405 fishermen advantages of developing the fishing industry in pakistan...

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